Tag Archives: iis

Single Sign-on to Azure AD using SimpleSAMLphp

In my last mammoth post, I posted an update/re-write to an article originally written on the Azure website that used some libraries provided by Microsoft to enable custom PHP applications to sign-on to Azure AD using WS-Federation. In that post I described a method for installing and configuring SimpleSAMLphp to IIS that enables it to be used by any number of sites on the same server, all that’s required is to add a simple Virtual Directory to each site. If you want to configure SimpleSAMLphp on IIS, check that post out.

The intention with this post is to do away with Microsoft’s libraries altogether and use only SimpleSAMLphp in a more integrated way. The purpose is to avoid having to re-write a lot of functionality already provided by SimpleSAMLphp that’s likely to be missing from Microsoft’s libraries, and of course open up access to SimpleSAMLphp’s documented API.

I will assume you have configured SimpleSAMLphp already using the method documented in the last post. In order to proceed in this post, you also need to have configured an application within Azure Active Directory. Again, you can find instructions for that included in the previous post.

The largest difference with this post is, as I mentioned, better integration with SimpleSAMLphp – as such, there’s more configuration to complete within SimpleSAMLphp than there was in the previous post.

  • We’ll import federation data from our Azure application in to SimpleSAMLphp.
  • We’ll configure SimpleSAMLphp as a Service Provider.
  • We’ll create a little code to get us authenticating.

Continue reading Single Sign-on to Azure AD using SimpleSAMLphp

Single sign-on with Azure AD in PHP

So, what’s this massive post about? I recently read an article on the Azure website about using Azure AD authentication with bespoke PHP applications. While the article is quick and concise – it has a number of serious issues.

First and foremost, the end result is that the solution just doesn’t work. It obviously took the writer a good amount of time to write the code for the article (assuming he did that is) but despite that, it has suffered from bit rot and a lot of people have tried and failed to use the article as a learning tool.

I’d still suggest using the article as reference material – everything has its value at the end of the day but if you do actually want custom PHP applications with Azure AD authentication to work, that article won’t give you a working solution. I’ve re-written the article and explained a few more of the concepts and expanded on a few decision points that are useful to the reader while doing battle with the code and its bit rot.

As per the original article’s introduction:

This tutorial will show PHP developers how to leverage Azure Active Directory to enable single sign-on for your own custom PHP applications. You will learn how to:

  • Install and configure SimpleSAMLphp on to an IIS web server.
  • Obtain and edit the necessary sample code associated with the original article.
  • Create and configure a custom Azure application inside Azure AD.
  • Protect the application (err, page) using WS-Federation.
  • Demonstrate actual authentication with Azure AD as well as federated authentication with an on-premises domain via Azure AD.

Continue reading Single sign-on with Azure AD in PHP

Handling website maintenance in IIS

I’m the proud owner of a few websites, all of which run from an IIS 8.5 server. I also help friends and family run a few sites from the same server and some are business sites that, ideally, shouldn’t be offline for long periods of time. From time-to-time, that server needs a reboot for updates or some other type of maintenance. My friends and family are very understanding that, for the low-low price of free* they occasionally suffer downtime while I patch the server and give it a bounce so they suffer a little website maintenance message.

With some of the websites I help host being business sites, there’s half a chance that a search engine is crawling the site when I’m merrily going about my patching. Having a site become completely unresponsive, or worse, sending a 404 isn’t good for search rankings so it makes sense to use the best solution for dealing with search engines while still being informative for users as well.

While a site is temporarily unavailable, it is best to send an HTTP 503 Service Unavailable status code. Continue reading Handling website maintenance in IIS